同位语从句_范文大全

同位语从句

【范文精选】同位语从句

【范文大全】同位语从句

【专家解析】同位语从句

【优秀范文】同位语从句

问题一:英语同位语从句

同位语部分是个句子,就是同位语从句,这种用法比较"固定",把关键的几个词背下来.

一、在复合句中用作同位语的从句叫同位语从句。它一般跟在某些名词后面,用以说明该名词表示的具体内容。如:

I heard the news that our team had won.我听到了我们队获胜的消息。

I had no idea that you were here.我不知道你在这里。

二、可以跟同位语从句的名词通常有news,idea,fact,promise,question,doubt,thought,hope,message,suggestion,words(消息),possibility等。如:

I’ve come from Mr wang with a message that he won’t be able to see you this afternoon. 我从王先生那里来,他让我告诉你他今天下午不能来看你了。

三、英语中引导同位语从句的词通有连词 that,whether,连接副词 how,when,where等。(注:if,which 不能引导同位语从句。)如:

l have no idea when he will be back.我不知道他什么时候回来。

He must answer the question whether he agrees to it or not.

他必须回答他是否同意这样一个问题。

四、有时同位语从句可以不紧跟在说明的名词后面,而被别的词隔开。 如:

Several years later,word came that Napoleon himself was coming to inspect them.

几年以后,有消息传来说拿破仑要亲自视 察他们。

The thought came to him that maybe the enemy had fled the city.

他突然想起可能敌人已经逃出城了。

五、同位语从句与定语从句的区别。

1、同位语从句与前面的名词是同位关系,即说明它前面名词的内容;而定语从句与前面的名词是修饰与被修饰关系,即限定它前面的名词范围,或补充一些情况。如:

The news that l have passed the exam is true.我通过了考试这一消息是真的。

(同位语从句,即从句所表达的意思就是前面名词的内容。)

The news that he told me just now is true.他刚才告诉我的消息是真的。

(定语从句,从句对前面名词起修饰限制作用,即“他告诉我的”那个消息,而不是别的消息。)

2、关系词在句中是否做成分 。如:

The idea that computers can recognize human voices surprises many people.

计算机能够识别人的声音的想法使许多人感到惊奇。(that在从句中不充当任何成份。)

The idea that he gave surprises many people.他提出的观点令许多人感到吃惊。

(that在从句中作gave的宾语。)

3、从句是否有疑问的意义。如:

eg.Do you remember the day when i told you that i l......余下全文>>

问题二:同位语从句

在主从复合句中作同位语的从句称为同位语从句。同位语从句一般用that, whether,what, which, who, when, where, why, how 等词引导,常放在fact, news, idea, truth, hope, problem, information, wish,promise, answer, evidence, report, explanation, suggestion, conclusion等抽象名词后面,说明该名词的具体内容。换言之,同位语从句和所修饰的名词在内容上为同一关系,对其内容作进一步说明。例:The news that they had won the game soon spread over the whole school.他们比赛获胜的消息很快传遍了整个学校。析:they had won the game说明The news的全部内容,因此该句为同位语从句。二、正确运用同位语从句的引导词,准确把握同位语从句1.如同位语从句意义完整,应用that引导同位语从句。(即that 不充当任何成分,只起连接作用,不可省略)  例:The general gave the order that the soldiers should cross the river at once.将军下达了战士们立即过河的命令。  析:the soldiers should cross the river at once是the order的全部内容,且意义完整,因此应用that引导同位语从句。2.如同位语从句意义不完整,需增加"是否"的含义,应用whether引导同位语从句。(if不能引导同位语从句)  例:We'll discuss the problem whether the sports meeting will be held on time.我们将讨论运动会是否会如期举行的问题。  析:the sports meeting will be held on time意义不完整,应加"是否"的含义才能表达the problem的全部内容,因此应用whether引导同位语从句。3.如同位语从句意义不完整,需增加"什么时候"、"什么地点"、"什么方式"等含义,应用when, where, how等词引导同位语从句。  例1:I have no idea when he will be back.  析:he will be back意义不完整,应加"什么时候"的含义才能表达idea的全部内容,因此应用when引导同位语从句。  例2:I have no impression how he went home, perhaps by bike.析:he went home意义不完整,应加"如何"的含义才能表达impression的全部内容,因此应用how引导同位语从句。4.当主句的谓语较短,而同位语从句较长时,同位语从句常后置。如:The thought came to him that maybe the enemy had fled the city. 三、把握同位语从句和定语从句的区别,明确同位语从句和相似从句的界限同位语从句和定语从句相似,都放在某一名词或代词后面,但同位语从句不同于定语从句。同位语从句对名词加以补充说明,是......余下全文>>

问题三:请举几个同位语从句的例子

1. 名词作同位语

Mr Wang丹my child’s teacher,will be visiting us on Tuesday.王先生,我孩子的老师,星期二要来看我们。

2.短语作同位语

I,the oldest girl in the family,always had to care for the other children.我,作为家里最大的女孩,老得照料家中的其他孩子。

3. 直接引语作同位语

But now the question comes to their minds,“Did she die young because she was a clone?”但是现在他们不得不思考这样的问题:“多莉早死是因为它是一只克隆羊吗?”

4. 句子作同位语

The girls were surprised at the fact that ocean ships can sail up the Great lakes.巨大的海轮可以开到五大湖,让表姐妹俩感到吃惊。

参考资料:百度百科

问题四:同位语从句注意事项

同位语从句

1、概述

用作同位语的从句叫同位语从句。它一般跟在抽象名词fact,idea,news,hope,belief,thought,truth,doubt,suggestion,warning, instruction,reason,information, question等之后,对这些名词进行说明或解释。引导同位语从句的词除连词that,whether外,还有关系代词what, which, who, 以及关系副词how,when,where,why等。

It is a fact that smoking is a danger to health. 吸烟危害健康,这是事实。

I have no idea what you mean.我一点儿也不明白你的意思。

He made the suggestion that we go by train. 他建议我们坐火车去。

There is no doubt that he is guilty. 毫无疑问,他是有罪的。

2、由从属连词that,whether引导的同位语从句。

Information has been put forward that more middle school graduates will be admitted into universities.有消息透露,大学将招收更多的中学毕业生。

The fact that we lack enough phones needs to be considered.我们缺少足够的电话这一事实需要加以考虑。

The idea that computers can recognize human voices surprises many people.计算机能够识别人的声音的想法使许多人感到惊奇。

I didn't receive the news that the meeting had been put off.我没有听到会议被推迟的消息。

3、由关系代词引导的同位语从句。

The question who should be the first has not been settled.谁应该是第一名的问题还没有定下来。

You can have no idea what he said.你根本想不到他说了些什么。

4、由关系副词引导的同位语从句。

I have no idea when he will be back.我不知道他什么时候回来。

They usually write exact instructions how the music is to be played.他们通常为如何演奏乐曲写出精确的说明。

5、定语从句与同位语从句的区别。

(1)同位语从句相当于名词,它对其前的名词起补充说明或进一步解释其内容的作用;而定语从句的功能相当于形容词,它对其先行词起修饰、描述或限制作用。

The suggestion (that) she has put forward is very good.她提出的建议很好。(定语从句)

The suggestion that we clean the classroom by turns is very good.我们轮流打扫教室,这个建议很好。(同位语从句)

(2)引导定语从句的that是关系代词,在从句中充当某种成分,作宾语时可省略;而引导同位语从句的that是连接词,在从句中不作任何成分,也不能省略。

The fact (th......余下全文>>

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